EUISS estimates that the number of Russians visiting EU countries has doubled after all travel restrictions were lifted: 62 million are expected to join the EU in 2026, up from 32 million in 2013. EUISS also sees a sharp decline in mutual distrust and a « significant improvement in the overall positive attitude of Russians towards the EU ». Nevertheless, we must not forget that, in the real world, it is Russia that is now at the forefront of visa liberalisation. Passport holders issued by the following countries and possessing an APEC Business Travel Card (ABTC) that contains the code « RUS » on the back, which is valid for travel to Russia, can travel without a visa for business travel for up to 90 days within 180 days.    2. The parties apply a fee of EUR 70 for the processing of visas if the visa applicant and the vouchers have been filed by the visa applicant within three days of his or her scheduled departure date. This does not apply to cases in Article 6, paragraphs 3, b), (e) and (f), and Article 7, paragraph 3. The European Institute for Security Studies (EUISS) has included in its « what if » scenarios a visa-free scenario for Russian citizens in EU countries from 2024. This scenario foresees that from 2024 the EU will launch a two-year pilot visa-free phase for Russian citizens. However, Russian passports issued in unrecognized regions and quasi-states such as Crimea, Donbass, Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Transnistria would not be accepted for visa-free travel in the EU. 1. The diplomatic and consular missions of the Member States and the Russian Federation issue multiple entry visas, lasting up to five years, for the following categories of citizens: All types of Russian entry visas are received through Russian embassies and consulates. Assuming all documents are ready, the process usually takes no more than 3-10 working days for the Russian travel visa.
 The current system is doing a bit of harm. It holds many decent people who are discouraged by the incivility and cost of a visa. It does not keep gangsters, spies and other riff-raff away. It creates a corrupt lucrative business for those who know how to make the system work. It gives the impression of a « fortress Europe » more interested in the remoteness of people than in a decent attitude towards its neighbours.